There is a difference between antiquity and history. History has an authentic basis, while antiquity is determined by historical evidence as well as the public faith at times. Let us tell you that the 10 cities of the world which have not only remained ancient but have become an important part of history for the world due to the events that have taken place over time. The confidence of the people of the world gradually kept connecting with these cities. These are cities that have a special place in the world as centers of religion, philosophy, science, and art. So, see the ancient cities of India.
The cities of Egypt (Egypt), Baghdad, Tehran, Mecca, Rome, Athens, Jerusalem, Biblos, Jericho, Mohan-Jodaro, Harappa, Lonan, Mosul, etc. are counted among the ancient cities of the world, but according to mythological and historical facts, The oldest city in the world is Varanasi. Even if the world does not agree, it is the oldest city in India.
There are many ancient cities in India, such as Mathura, Ayodhya, Dwarka, Kanchi, Ujjain, Rameswaram, Prayag (Allahabad), Pushkar, Nashik, Shravasti, Peshawar (Purushapur), Bamiyan, Sarnath, Lumbini, Rajgir, Kushinagar, Tripura, Goa, Mahabalipuram, Kanyakumari, Srinagar, Gandhara etc., but the place of Kashi is the highest among them all. Kashi is also known as 'Varanasi' and 'Banaras'. However, there were 16 districts in ancient India, whose names are as follows - Avantika, Ashmak, Kamboj, Anga, Kashi, Kuru, Kaushal, Gandhara, Chedi, Vajji, Vatsa, Panchal, Magadha, Matsya, Malla and Surasena.
The city of Kashi, located in Uttar Pradesh, India, is located on the trident of Lord Shankar. Kashi is the oldest city in the world. This city is located in present-day Varanasi city. According to the Puranas, earlier it was the Puri of Lord Vishnu, where the Anandashru of Srihari fell, the point became the lake and the lord became revered here as 'Bindhumadhav'. Mahadev liked Kashi so much that he asked this holy Puri for his daily residence from Vishnu. Since then Kashi became his residence. The holy place of Hindus in Kashi is 'Kashi Vishwanath'.
Apart from Lord Buddha and Shankaracharya, many saints like Ramanuja, Vallabhacharya, Sant Kabir, Guru Nanak, Tulsidas, Chaitanya Mahaprabhu, Raidas, etc. came to this city. At one time, it had become the main Satsang of Hinduism and a place of debate.
It was named 'Varanasi' due to its proximity between the two rivers 'Varuna' and 'Asi'. People used to come to Varanasi since ancient times to read Sanskrit. The houses of Varanasi have their own style in Hindustani music. In 1194, Shahabuddin Gauri looted and damaged this city. It was renamed as Muhammadabad in the Mughal period. Later it was placed under the direct control of the Awadh court.